Tag Archives: IRS

Proposed Section 385 Regulations May Dramatically Impact Portfolio Debt Planning

On April 4, 2016, the IRS and Treasury issued proposed regulations under Section 385 (the “Proposed Regulations“).1 The Proposed Regulations, which were thought to have been a response to post-inversion earnings stripping transactions, have been heavily criticized as being overbroad and potentially impacting many ordinary business transactions, both in the domestic and international settings. Under … Continue Reading

Foreign Goodwill No Longer Exempt from Gain Recognition on Outbound Transfers

On September 14, 2015, the IRS released proposed regulations (the “Proposed Regulations”) that would significantly alter the treatment of outbound transfers of foreign goodwill and going concern value by a U.S. person to a foreign corporation. Under the Proposed Regulations, an outbound transfer of these types of assets will no longer be exempt from gain … Continue Reading

Commission Payments to IC-DISC Recharacterized as Non-Deductible Dividends

In Summa Holdings, Inc. v. Commissioner, T.C. Memo 2015-119, the Tax Court recharacterized an exporter’s deductible commission payments made to an IC-DISC as non-deductible dividend payments to the exporter’s shareholders followed by contributions by those shareholders to certain Roth IRAs. The Tax Court mentioned that there was “no nontax business purpose or economic purpose for … Continue Reading

Is a Distribution of Previously Taxed Income “Exempt from Tax”?

A U.S. shareholder of a controlled foreign corporation (CFC) is required to include in its gross income its pro rata share of the CFC’s subpart F income and/or the amount determined under Section 956 with respect to such shareholder, regardless of whether any actual distributions are made to such shareholder. Because this income was taxed … Continue Reading

IRS Denies Treaty Benefits Despite Lack of Treaty Shopping

In Starr International Company, Inc., v. United States, the taxpayer (“Starr International Company, Inc.” or “SICO”) filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia seeking a tax refund from the IRS of approximately $38 million.  The refund is allegedly due to an overpayment of U.S. withholding taxes on dividends … Continue Reading

How Windstream Ruling Will Affect Foreign Taxpayers

In general, a REIT is a special purpose entity for U.S. federal income tax purposes that requires at least 75 percent of the value of the entity’s gross assets to consist of real estate assets, cash, cash items, and governmental securities. Although a REIT is subject to federal income tax at regular corporate rates, it … Continue Reading

Check-the-Box Elections: Relevance in the International Context

One of the most powerful tools in cross-border tax planning is the ability to make a “check-the-box” election.  Pursuant to the entity classification regulations under Internal Revenue Code §7701 (the “check-the-box regulations”), certain business entities are permitted to choose their classification for U.S. federal income tax purposes by making a check-the-box election. The Federal tax … Continue Reading

Retroactive Tax Planning

Converting Subpart F Income into Qualified Dividends U.S. shareholders of foreign corporations are generally not subject to tax on the earnings of such corporations until the earnings are repatriated to the shareholders in the form of a dividend.  Moreover, when a foreign corporation is resident in a jurisdiction with which the United States has a … Continue Reading

Determining Foreigners Insolvency Exception

Can a foreign person exclude foreign-situs assets in determining insolvency exception to cancellation of indebtedness income? With the worldwide global default rate on corporate debt continuing to rise, a taxpayer’s ability to exclude cancellation of indebtedness income from gross income has become increasingly relevant.  This remains true for foreign persons who are also subject to … Continue Reading
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