Tag Archives: Tax Law

How Will TCJA Affect Individuals Electing Corporate Taxation?

by Andrew Velarde, Tax Notes International Magazine The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (P.L. 115-97) has brought newfound attention to an election by individuals to treat themselves as corporations, as well as important questions about uncertainties surrounding its interplay with newly enacted international provisions. Section 962 was drafted in 1962 and until recently was largely … Continue Reading

Recent Chilean Tax Reform Reinforces Need for U.S. Tax Treaty

Chile is the fifth largest economy in South America and increasingly one of the most significant U.S. trading partners in the region. U.S. foreign direct investment into Chile was $39.9 billion for 2012 (the latest year for which official figures are available). And in 2013, the U.S. exported $17.6 billion of goods and services to … Continue Reading

Ruling Demonstrates Potential for Inversion Rules to Apply in Inbound Structures

In Private Letter Ruling 201432002 (the “PLR”), the IRS ruled that a foreign-to-foreign “F” reorganization did not implicate the Section 7874 anti-inversion rules.  As a result, a foreign corporation (that was 100 percent foreign owned) was not deemed to be a U.S. corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, despite the fact that it was … Continue Reading

IRS Disregards Own Revenue Ruling in Barnes Decision

The Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently affirmed the Tax Court’s 2013 decision in Barnes Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries, T.C. Memo 2013-109, in which the Tax Court applied the step transaction doctrine to recharacterize a series of transactions employed by the taxpayer, a U.S. corporation, as part of its reinvestment plan.  The result … Continue Reading

10th Annual University of Florida International Tax Symposium

On Friday, October 31, I will be speaking at the 10th Annual University of Florida International Tax Symposium held at the University of Florida, Levin College of Law in Gainesville, Florida. I, along with the other speakers, will discuss important topics revolving around current and future international tax policy. The presentation will begin at 8:00 am in … Continue Reading

IRS Denies Treaty Benefits Despite Lack of Treaty Shopping

In Starr International Company, Inc., v. United States, the taxpayer (“Starr International Company, Inc.” or “SICO”) filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia seeking a tax refund from the IRS of approximately $38 million.  The refund is allegedly due to an overpayment of U.S. withholding taxes on dividends … Continue Reading

“Return of Basis” Repatriation Strategy Tested in Tax Court

U.S. multinationals literally have trillions of dollars of untaxed earnings purportedly “trapped” offshore because of the associated high U.S. corporate income taxes that would be incurred if these earnings were repatriated to the United States. While a number of strategies have been marketed to, and used by, U.S. multinationals in an attempt to repatriate these … Continue Reading

IC-DISC Benefits Enhanced with Foreign Shareholders

Since the reduction in the individual tax rate on qualified dividends in 2004, the Interest Charge Domestic Sales Corporation (“IC-DISC”) has become an attractive vehicle to obtain a tax incentive for exporting U.S.-produced goods. For individual U.S. and foreign taxpayers, the use of an IC-DISC reduces tax liability by converting a portion of the export … Continue Reading

Local Law Shopping Through “Derivative Benefits”

Unlike U.S. persons who are subject to U.S. federal income tax on their worldwide income, foreign persons generally are subject to U.S. taxation on two categories of income: (i) certain types of passive U.S.-source income (e.g., interest, dividends, royalties and other types of “fixed or determinable annual or periodical income,” collectively known as FDAP), which … Continue Reading

Synthetic Investment in U.S. Real Estate by Foreign Investors

According to recent reports, foreign investment in commercial U.S. real estate exceeded $38.7 billion in 2013 – a 40 percent increase over 2012. Leading the way in 2013 were investors from Canada, China, Australia, Germany, and Singapore. This represents a dramatic increase from the 2009 collapse of the U.S. real estate markets, which caused foreign investments … Continue Reading

The NYU Summer Institute in Taxation Conference

On Tuesday, July 15, I will be speaking at an NYU School of Continuing Education conference in New York, NY. The Summer Institute in Taxation program is being held from July 14-25 and is ideal for new professionals that want a solid foundation in a specialized area of law or tax practice. Attorneys and accountants … Continue Reading

Check-the-Box Elections: Relevance in the International Context

One of the most powerful tools in cross-border tax planning is the ability to make a “check-the-box” election.  Pursuant to the entity classification regulations under Internal Revenue Code §7701 (the “check-the-box regulations”), certain business entities are permitted to choose their classification for U.S. federal income tax purposes by making a check-the-box election. The Federal tax … Continue Reading

Affirmative Use of U.S. Partnerships in Inbound Tax Planning

A “U.S. shareholder” of a controlled foreign corporation (CFC) is required to include in its gross income its pro rata share of a CFC’s “subpart F” income, regardless of whether such income is distributed.  In general, a CFC is a foreign corporation that is more than 50 percent owned (directly, indirectly or constructively) by “U.S. … Continue Reading

Retroactive Tax Planning

Converting Subpart F Income into Qualified Dividends U.S. shareholders of foreign corporations are generally not subject to tax on the earnings of such corporations until the earnings are repatriated to the shareholders in the form of a dividend.  Moreover, when a foreign corporation is resident in a jurisdiction with which the United States has a … Continue Reading

Tax Planning for the Privatization of the Space Industry

The privatization of the space industry has seen dramatic growth in recent years, and it appears that more significant developments are on the horizon. During 2013, SpaceX (the space exploration company founded by Elon Musk, co-founder of PayPal and Tesla Motors) successfully launched a major communications satellite into orbit for a private satellite operator, and became … Continue Reading

Foreign Investment in the U.S. Through Romania Just Became More Interesting

All “modern” income tax treaties concluded by the United States contain a “Limitation on Benefits” (LOB) provision.  The purpose of such a provision is to prevent “treaty shopping.” Romania is one of the few remaining countries that have comprehensive income tax treaties with the United States that do not contain LOB provisions. Romania recently enacted … Continue Reading
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